25.1.09



: chiptune,
el mundo en 8 bits





Un reportaje sobre cómo se hace el chiptune, 
la micromusic o gameboy music.


A chiptune, or chip music, is music written in sound formats where all the sounds are synthesized in realtime by a computer or video game console sound chip, instead of using sample-based synthesis. The "golden age" of chiptunes was the mid 1980s to early 1990s, when such sound chips were the most common method for creating music on computers. Chiptunes are closely related to video game music, which often featured chiptunes out of necessity. The term has also been recently applied to more recent compositions that attempt to recreate the chiptune sound for purely aesthetic reasons, albeit with more complex technology.




Nullsleep, "Her Lazer Light Eyes", Nueva York.


Early computer sound chips had only simple tone and noise generators with few channels, imposing limitations on both the complexity of the sounds they could produce and the number of notes that could be played at once. In their desire to create a more complex arrangement than what the medium apparently allowed, composers developed creative approaches when developing their own electronic sounds and scores, employing a diversity of both methods of sound synthesis, such as pulse width modulation and wavetable synthesis, and compositional techniques, such as a liberal use of arpeggiation. The resultant chiptunes sometimes seem harsh or squeaky to the unaccustomed listener.





Chiptune David, "Startselect".


Chiptune music is relatively unknown in North America, and most of the chiptune artists are European, Australian or Japanese. Due to Myspace, chiptune artists have gained some notoriety. There has however been a small amount of artists coming out of the United States, Canada, and Mexico. A notable chiptune artist today is 8 Bit Weapon, who has completed chiptune music projects for Disney, Cartoon Network (Europe), Microsoft, Nokia, Kraftwerk, Information Society, Erasure and has even appeared live on national television via G4TV's Attack of the Show. The June 2008 issue of Paste Magazine has an article on chiptune artist Jeremiah "Nullsleep" Johnson, and the included sampler CD features chiptune song "Local Hero" by Crazy Q.


Crystal Castles, "Courtship Dating", 2008.


Otros subgéneros o géneros relacionados con la música chiptune son: 8-bit, Bitpop, Demoscene music, Nintendocore, Picopop, Tracker music, Game Boy music, Gamewave y Skweee.



Mi banda de chip music favorita. Metal-core+Gameboy=Nintendocore, 
así se conoce a este sub-género del metal.





Maru, "Insane Youth", en las calles de Osaka.




Otro reportaje sobre chip music o micromusic.